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Full text of "Linguistic Survey Of India Vol Ii Mon Khmer Siamese Chinese Families"

102                                                           TAI GROUP.

It will tttus not surprise us to find that, in Ahom, there are many exceptions to the
general rules which will here be laid down We have already seen that the most typical
rule of all, ms, that the genitive and the adjective follow the noun on which they are
dependent, has no few exceptions in the specimens, especially in the case of pronouns.

In a simple sentence, thu order is subjectj complement, copula.

Subject                 Complement              Copula

Thus—   i-u sho-Mtam          man              ii-koi

this complaint         false            has-been,      this complaint is false

Similarly with an intransitive verb we have,—

Subject                                    Predicate

luk-mdn                tai-sJii-jau

this            son                  was-dead.

If with such verbs there are used other words implying an adverbial relation, thest
precede the verb and follow the subject    Tims,—

Subject                                 Advaib              Copula

phu-ai hik-man          nd-din    slim    u-koi

The elder son             field       in       was,   the elder son was in the field.

Subject                               Adverb                       Veib

jao-mm-Jco               run        dk            via

the-father               house    outside       came,   the father came outside the house.

"With transitive verbs, the usual order is subject, direct object, verb.   Thus,—

Subject.                                  Direct Object.                        Verb

luk       ngl              joun      mung     jau    ,khau-u-koi

son   younger       beyond country    far     entered-has,    the younger son entered a
foreign country.

Subject.                     Direct Object                                                       Verb.

mdn-ko     tang    kfir&ng-lwg         tak-lu,              tdk-$dng}             Mn-j(W-o

He         all        property       diminished,              spent,               eaten-had,

he had diminished, spent and eaten all the property.

In one case, a pronoun in apposition to the subject is inserted between the verb and
its tense suffix, vw.t —

Subject                           Direct Object                                 Verb.

Itun-phu-lung       luk-mdn   sMng-Mn          dai-mdn-jau

man-a             son           two               possess-he-did,   a man possessed two sons.

Sometimes, when the object is a  complex one, the verb is inserted immediately
after its principal member.   Thus, —

Subject                Direct Object                   Verb                                            Direct Object.

mdn-ko              lung                ngin            Ut-mun
He                  scm*d               heard     (of) merriment  rejoicing   dancing    and,
he heard the sound of merriment, rejoicing, and dancing.
When an adverb qualifies such a verb, it appears to come between the verb and its
tense-suffix.   Thus, —
Subject                 Direct Object.             Verb.           Adveib                Suffix
mdn-ko               man               dai       IcJmn-dl         JcoL
He                 h™                get      alive-well       did,   he got him alive and well.
Here, however, what we, under the influence of Aryan grammar, are compelled to call an